The incursion of the colonizing force is changing or threatening to change almost every aspect of their society: Clearly the women were given certain responsibilities and these were not mutable aspects of Igbo culture but were sedentary cultural norms. For example, one of the rapid cultural changes that takes place in Igbo society is apparent in terms of the harvesting of crops. As the result of their position in the enterprise of trading, women had more direct contact with foreigners than did the men.
Population could be defined as the number of people living in a particular country. Census is also defined as the official head-count of people and their residence.
Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa as the three major ethnic groups e. Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa as the three major ethnic group in Nigeria. Religion is the belief in the existence of a supernatural nature ruling power, the creator and controller of the universe, who has given to man a spiritual nature which continues to exist after the death of the body.
It is also the various system of faith and worship based on such belief. The terms ethnicity and religion is seen as an inter-related concept, although there is a little bit difference in meaning. But, both ethnicity and religion shares common ideologies and each stands for a group who works in order to achieve their individual interest.
This definition brings out the evil effect of ethnicity in our social life. To Nweke ethnicity implies negative feelings directed against an ethnic group. He further refers ethnicity as the contextual discrimination by members of cultural group against others on the basis of differentiated system of socio-cultural symbols.
Ethnicity according to Onyeneje is a conscious and deliberate separation and recognition that a particular group of people with their peculiar characteristics should be isolated and carefully discriminated against. Ethnic group are equally social formation distinguished by the communal character of their boundaries.
The outsider, the foreigner, the stranger have always provoked anxiety, suspicion, hatred and dread in human beings. This is most likely to happen when the strangers are noticeably different on grounds of history, kingship, culture or physical features. Ethnicity usually suggests cultural or National characteristics such as skin colour.
Nweke refers to ethnicity as negative feeling directed against an ethnic group and the negative attitude that characterizes ethnicity is called ethnic prejudice. The behavior which is directed towards an ethnic group and which is motivated by prejudice is known as discrimination.
In addition, the most important characteristic of prejudice is stereotype where the differences among individuals within an ethnic group are not reorganized; all group members are seen good or usually bad. The term ethnicity according to Nnoli is a social phenomenon, which is associated with interactions among members of different groups.
In fact, Ilechukwu described ethnicity as a hydra-headed monster and social disorder which has penetrated every nook and cranny of Nigeria life, and which also requires combined furious attacks by both the government and all the citizens of Nigeria for its combat and defeat p.
Ethnicity clearly constitutes a social problem. When millions of Nigerians are systematically discriminated against for their cultural belief, kingship or history, our sense of justice is violated. It remains unbelievable by the people of this great nation possibly believe that an ethnic group, Igbo, Hausa, Yoruba and the like consisting of children, adults and the elder share negative characteristics in common, regardless of their values, personalities and life circumstance.
But we truly recognize the differences which exist among the members of our own group, How could mere historical, cultural or kingship differences make groups of people bad, making them persons whom it is acceptable to harm through cultural prejudices and discrimination.
The past and current causes of ethnicity in this country Nigeria are predominantly social. Nevertheless, one way of determining the status of ethnic relations in our society is to ask what various of ethnic groups feels about each other, the status of their own ethnic groups and about political issues relating to ethnic relations.
At present, it seems that our pattern of politics inheres from ethnic sentiments. A brief history of the ethnic groups in Nigeria will provide good premise for the past social factors which set in motion patterns of prejudice and discrimination, so strong that, they persist up till date.
In practical terms, it appears that we are ready to kill each other over noticeable differences of language, religious faith, history, kingship or culture. Currently the entire world is consumed with apartheid fractions and inter-group hatred. These are also experienced in places like Igbo land; Hausa land; Yoruba land in Nigeria.
From the above assertion, it could be said that the concept of ethnicity usually occurs in a heterogeneous society that has distinct language, culture and even hegemony from each other.Inherent in that doctrine has been the supposition that Nigeria would always have a leadership role to play in Africa and that whatever was in Africa’s interest was invariably in Nigeria’s interest.5/5(9).
The Yorùbá religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorubaland.
Research on Humanities and Social Sciences ISSN (Paper) ISSN (Online) Vol.3, No, heartoftexashop.com Religion in Nigeria from 1. 2.
In today’s Nigeria different people from different quarters of the country hold the notion that things can only be righted when their own is on the throne. It is fascinating to note that today’s politics in Nigeria revolves around two variables, namely; religion and ethnicity.
INDIGENE-SETTLER RELATIONSHIP IN NIGERIA: CASE STUDY OF THE IGBO COMMUNITY IN LAGOS turmoil fueled by ethno-religious politics that led to the abrupt end of the first republic. 36 states and local government areas (LGAs). Within these states, sharp differences in language, religion, culture and ethnicity contribute to the indigene.
Significance of the Study This paper examines the socio-economic impact of political violence on the development of Yobe State. Thus, its significance lies in the fact that it aims at giving a coherent analysis of the causes and nature of political violence in Yobe State and Nigeria generally.