The importance of work to the development of human beings

It is possible that potentially useful systems are usually not considered simply because, not being conventionally used at present, they are unfamiliar and therefore are not known or understood well enough by potential buyers; this is where it is hoped that publications such as this may encourage some attempts to try new methods, preferably by institutions or individuals with the resources to underwrite the risks inherent in experimenting with new or unfamiliar technologies. Cost-effectiveness and efficiency Generally, a cost-effective system needs to be technically efficient; i. In the former case, the energy resource, if it is solar energy, wind or water power is notionally cost-free, but the capital cost of the system is closely linked to the efficiency. This tends to require a system that is twice as large and therefore usually twice as expensive.

The importance of work to the development of human beings

Executive Summary Employee engagement is the emotional and psychological commitment employees have towards the organisation and its goals. Organisations with an engaged workforce produce better business outcomes than those with lower levels of engagement.

Kelly actively promotes the cause for employee engagement by going to great lengths to retain talent, and ensuring that their staff feels positive about working for the company — this ensures optimal productivity.

Achieving an engaged workforce requires senior leaders to communicate constructively with employees and allow them to work within their areas of strength; provide regular feedback on their progress; and to consider them holistically, giving due respect to their personal lives, which affect their ability to work optimally.

Generational differences in the workforce require that multi-faceted engagement strategies be implemented, so as to cater for employees who are in different stages of their personal and professional lives. Globally, engagement levels are low: Improving engagement levels requires senior leaders to commission regular surveys to measure engagement, and act upon the findings so that employees feel the effects of their input.

Such investment in engagement ultimately yields benefits for employees and organisations alike.

The importance of work to the development of human beings

What is Employee Engagement? Employee engagement is an important concept for businesses: Companies with high levels of employee engagement outperform those with lower levels of engagement, all other factors being equal. There are numerous definitions and conceptualisations of what employee engagement is, and what it is not.

Employees may be happy at work, but this does not necessarily mean that they are working optimally for the benefit of the organisation.

In a similar way, a satisfied employee may consistently show up for each working day and seem content, but might not show any initiative, or go the extra mile to do his or her job with excellence. It is undisputed that a high level of engagement is desirable, and that involvement, passion, enthusiasm, commitment, focused effort and energy are necessary to achieving an engaged workforce.

An employee who is engaged has an emotional commitment to the goals of the organisation, and, out of his or her own volition, takes positive action to further the success, reputation and interests of the company.

Emotional commitment suggests that employees care about their work and the success of the company: Engagement includes the psychological state and behavioural outcomes that lead to better performance. Employees who are engaged speak positively about their organisation to co-workers, potential employees and customers; they have a sense of belonging and a desire to be part of the organisation; they are motivated and exert effort toward success in their jobs and for the company.

The antecedents of the requisite attitudes and behaviours centre around working conditions, and the ultimate consequence of engagement is attainment of organisational goals. The Gallup model of employee engagement posits a hierarchy of reflective questions, which ultimately measure the level of engagement within an organisation: The framework shows how workplace conditions, including the nature of the work e.

The nature of leadership has a direct effect on trust, which is a core requirement of an engaged workforce. Their model integrates important factors, such as the relationship between team members and supervisors, which contribute to engagement see figure 3. A South African model of employee engagement Employee engagement is driven by three key factors: Employees with an infelicitous relationship with their managers are less likely to be fully engaged.

Similarly, employees who are not confident in the ability of senior management tend to be more disengaged. Finally, when employees feel pride in the contribution of their organisation to society, they are more engaged.

Engaged employees are enthusiastic, inspired, empowered and confident. Engagement levels may differ from one sector of an organisational workforce to another. For example, the level of engagement of professionals who hold meetings in boardrooms may well differ from the employees who clean the offices and serve tea.

Harnessing the full benefit of high levels of employee engagement across the board requires a holistic and specialised strategy, led by senior leaders within an organisation, to accommodate all members of staff. Value of employee engagement in organisations Engaged employees lead to better business outcomes: This, in turn, leads to increased sales, resulting in higher profits, which ultimately produces higher levels of growth and stability for all concerned in the business.

Based on the results of surveys conducted with employees the world over, it is clear that engagement contributes to business success through various mechanisms. Put simply, companies with engaged employees outperform counterparts with lower engagement levels by a significant margin.

Statistics show that a five per cent increase in engagement yields three per cent increase in revenue in the following business year. High engagement also results in lower staff turnover, which can be very costly to companies.

Challenges of effective employee engagement in a multi-generational workforce Much has been written about generational differences in the workforce, and this too, has bearing on employee engagement.

The following generational cohorts are commonly recognised, with slight variation as to the cut-off year for each group. The latter group, due to their age, are not economically active, so their needs do not yet have to be accommodated in the workplace. Engaging employees of different generations requires the creation and management of a working environment which accommodates differences in viewpoint and work style.

Members of the various generational cohorts differ in what motivates them, because they are in diverse stages of their lives. Baby boomers, who are at the end of their careers, are more likely to be engaged when incentivised with recognition and accomplishment — they want to know that their work is appreciated and that they are contributing positively to the success of the company.

To Generation X, the key to ensuring their engagement is stability.Our Common Future: From One Earth to One World - A/42/ Annex, Overview - an element of the body of UN Documents for earth stewardship and international decades for a culture of peace and non-violence for the children of the world.

Footnotes. 1. Directive 95/ /EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of On the Protection of Individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. In biological terms, a human being, or human, is any member of the mammalian species Homo sapiens, a group of ground-dwelling, tailless primates that are distributed worldwide and are characterized by bipedalism and the capacity for speech and language, with an erect body carriage that frees the hands for manipulating objects.

The Importance of Education to National Development – A Case Study of Nigeria

Humans share with other primates the characteristics of opposing. An individual spends around eight to nine hours in his organization and it is practically not possible for him to work all alone. Human beings are not machines who can work at a stretch.

We need people to talk to and share our feelings. Imagine yourself working in an organization with no friends. The Lands at Hillside Farms Dairy Store is not a place, it is an experience.

Here, you can shop at a centralized “local food hub” that sells over products such as artisan cheese, “true local” raw honey, certified organic vegetables, fresh baked goods, jellies, jams, salsas, syrups, and .

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noun. the material world, especially as surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities. the natural world as it exists without human beings or civilization: In nature, wild dogs hunt in packs.; the elements of the natural world, as mountains, trees, animals, or rivers: The abandoned power plant was reclaimed by nature, covered in overgrowth and home to feral animals.

Ecological systems theory - Wikipedia