Areas still controlled by Japan in white and green included Korea, Taiwan, Indochinaand much of Chinaincluding most of the main cities, and the Dutch East Indies. Allied-held areas are in red, with the neutral Soviet Union and Mongolia in grey. Most Japanese military units fought fiercely, ensuring that the Allied victory would come at an enormous cost.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity.
The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known. American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight.
American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion. A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan.
Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made.
The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized.
In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness. Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away.
Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. On August 14,the Japanese surrendered. Critics have charged that Truman's decision was a barbaric act that brought negative long-term consequences to the United States.
A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race. Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary. The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians.
On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually.
Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives.The atomic bomb was first used in warfare at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August and the bomb played a key role in ending World War heartoftexashop.com atomic bomb (A bomb), created via the Manhattan Project, was first exploded at the top secret base of Alamogordo on July 16th, first atomic bombs The first atomic bomb was detonated on July 16, , in the Trinity test at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in New Mexico.
Atomic bombs were then used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, respectively, killing about , The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II A Collection of Primary Sources Updated National Security Archive Posting Marks 70 th Anniversary of the Atomic Bombings of Japan and the End of World War II Extensive Compilation of Primary Source Documents Explores Manhattan Project, Petitions Against Military Use of Atomic Weapons, Debates over Japanese Surrender Terms, Atomic .
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Sep 06, · Watch video · The atomic bomb, and nuclear bombs, are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Scientists first developed nuclear weapons technology during World War II.