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Automation A management information system MIS is a computerized database of financial information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular reports on operations for every level of management in a company.
It is usually also possible to obtain special reports from the system easily. The main purpose of the MIS is to give managers feedback about their own performance; top management can monitor the company as a whole.
Information displayed by the MIS typically shows "actual" data over against "planned" results and results from a year before; thus it measures progress against goals. The MIS receives data from company units and functions. Some of the data are collected automatically from computer-linked check-out counters; others are keyed in at periodic intervals.
Routine reports are preprogrammed and run at intervals or on demand while others are obtained using built-in query languages; display functions built into the system are used by managers to check on status at desk-side computers connected to the MIS by networks.
Many sophisticated systems also monitor and display the performance of the company's stock. Automation emerged in the s in the form of tabulating cards which could be sorted and counted.
These were the punch-cards still remembered by many: Each card was the equivalent of what today would be called a database record, with different areas on the card treated as fields.
Punch cards were used to keep time records and to record weights at scales. Census used such cards to record and to manipulate its data as well. When the first computers emerged after World War II punch-card systems were used both as their front end feeding them data and programs and as their output computers cut cards and other machines printed from these.
Card systems did not entirely disappear until the s. They were ultimately replaced by magnetic storage media tape and disks. Computers using such storage media speeded up tallying; the computer introduced calculating functions.
MIS developed as the most crucial accounting functions became computerized. Waves of innovation spread the fundamental virtues of coherent information systems across all corporate functions and to all sizes of businesses in the s, 80s, and 90s. Within companies major functional areas developed their own MIS capabilities; often these were not yet connected: Personal computers "micros," PCs appeared in the 70s and spread widely in the 80s.
Some of these were used as free-standing "seeds" of MIS systems serving sales, marketing, and personnel systems, with summarized data from them transferred to the "mainframe. Equipped with powerful database engines, such networks were in turn organized for MIS purposes.
Simultaneously, in the 90s, the World Wide Web came of age, morphed into the Internet with a visual interface, connecting all sorts of systems to one another. Midway through the first decade of the 21st century the narrowly conceived idea of the MIS has become somewhat fuzzy.
Management information systems, of course, are still doing their jobs, but their function is now one among many others that feed information to people in business to help them manage.
Systems are available for computer assisted design and manufacturing CAD-CAM ; computers supervise industrial processes in power, chemicals, petrochemicals, pipelines, transport systems, etc.A management information system (MIS) is a computerized database of financial information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular reports on operations for every level of.
A management information system (MIS) is an information system used for decision-making, and for the coordination, control, analysis, and visualization of information in an organization; especially in a company.
The study of management information systems examines people and technology in an organizational context. Use 'management information system (MIS)' in a Sentence As a company grows, it is important they it does not forget to review its management information system s to .
A management information system (MIS) is a broadly used and applied term for a three-resource system required for effective organization management. The resources are people, information and technology, from inside and outside an organization, with top priority given to people.
Computer and information systems managers, often called information technology (IT) managers or IT project managers, plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities in an organization.
They help determine the information technology goals of an organization and are responsible for On-the-job training: None. The Study of People, Technology, and Organizations. Management Information Systems (MIS) is the study of people, technology, and organizations.
If you enjoy technology like iPhones, iPods, and Facebook, you have what it takes to major in information systems.